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Component of Bridges in Civil Engineering

Components of Bridges in civil
Written by The Vipin Chauhan

Component of Bridges in Civil Engineering 


Bridge: – As we know that, a Bridge is a structure providing passage to cross obstacles like a stream or river or low ground etc without closing the way beneath. The bridges made to provide passage for a railway, a road, a canal or a pipeline etc.

Bridge Engineering: – It is a part of civil engineering which deals with the construction, maintenance as well as design related to Bridges.


What is Bridges?

  • The bridge is a structure which covers a gap.
  • Generally, bridges carry a road or railway across a natural or artificial obstacle such as a river, canal or another railway or another road.
  • A bridge is a structure corresponding to the heaviest responsibility in carrying a free flow of transport and is the most significant component of a transportation system in case of communication over gaps for whatever reason such as aquatic obstacles, valleys, and gorges etc.

Components of Bridges


Component of Bridges

  1. Sub Structure.
  2. Super Structure.

Substructure: The Lower Most part of bridges which supports the entire structure made from abutments pier etc. including superstructure is called sub-structure.


Components of Substructure

  1. Foundation
  2. Piers
  3. Wing Walls
  4. Abutments
  5. Approaches

Foundation:- It is the lowermost part of the bridge structure. The main function of the foundation is to take a load of the superstructure and transfer the all load to the subsoil through foundations.

Piers: – It is an upright support or superstructures as well as structures, for example, an arch and bridges.

Wing Wall: – A wing wall is a smaller wall which is attached or next to a larger wall or structure.

Abutments:- Abutment is a type of column which is constructed to approach road of a bridge

Super Structure

It is that part of bridges over which the traffics moves safely. It consists of Roadway, Girder, and Arches etc. Over which road is supported

Note: – The basic function of the superstructure is to provide carriageway.


Components of Sub Structure

  1. Any structure above the bearing
  2. Wearing surface

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About the author

The Vipin Chauhan

Professional blogger by choice and successful Civil Engineer, And I’m also the founder of Smartexservices.com Which is a Design and Development Company. You Can Also Visit My Other Blogs Like; Helpyouindia.com.

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