Explain break point chlorination.
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Chlorine is added to the water and so breakpoint chlorination means a maximum needed amount of chlorine added to water. So chlorine is added to the solution for the contaminants and it reacts with it up to that chlorine is added so no more free chlorine is left all reacts with contaminants is called breakpoint chlorination.
For wastewater treatment chlorine reacts with ammonia or nitrogen which is converted into chlorine residual. Excessive chlorine addition may give a negative effect also in form of corrosion. And it also causes adverse effects on human tissues.
In the case of a swimming pool, breakpoint chlorination has free chlorine which can be used to remove combined chlorine. So if more chlorine is used then we need to use an oxidizer to stabilize excess chlorine.