Generally walls are three types.
- Load bearing walls
- Non-load bearing walls
- Retaining walls and Breast walls
Load bearing walls: The walls built on a continuous foundation and which support the entire load including their own are referred as load bearing walls. These walls must have sufficient strength, stability, fire resistance, thermal insulation, weather resistance, sound insulation and durability. Such walls are thick in cross-section and may be solid or hollow.
Non load wearing walls: The walls which simply serve as screen for privacy are called non load bearing walls. These walls should be strong enough to take their own load.
Retaining walls and breast walls: A wall of increasing thickness constructed for the purposes of retaining soil or water to one side is referred as a retaining wall.