How to build a timber retaining wall with steps?
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1. Gather the materials you will need, including treated lumber, galvanized spikes, ground spikes, crushed stone or gravel, cement mix, level, and masonry trowel.
2. Mark out the area where the wall will be built and dig a trench for the footings. Make sure to use a level to ensure that the trench is even.
3. Place a layer of crushed stone or gravel into the trench and compact it firmly.
4. Begin constructing the wall. Start by placing two boards side-by-side in the trench. Hammer a galvanized spike through both boards and into the ground. This will act as the first tieback for the wall.
5. Add more boards to the first two, continuing to hammer spikes through each one and into the ground below.
6. Once the base of the wall is secure, begin adding additional tiers with the same method. Each tier should overlap slightly with the previous one to provide extra stability.
7. If steps are desired, secure additional boards on their sides or add posts, depending on the design of the wall.
8. Pour cement mix around the base of the wall and use a trowel or brush to fill any gaps.
9. Take a level and check the wall for stability.
10. Let the wall cure before using and enjoy your new timber retaining wall!