Project Report on Copper Slag in Concrete
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Traditionally soil, stone aggregates, sand, bitumen, cement etc. are used for road construction. Natural materials being exhaustible in nature, its quantity is declining gradually.
Also, the cost of extracting good quality of natural material is increasing. Concerned about this, the scientists are looking for alternative materials for highway construction, and industrial waste product is one such category. If these materials can be suitably utilized in highway construction, the pollution and disposal problems may be partly reduced.
Types of Wastes
Waste is directly linked to human development, both technological and social. The compositions of different wastes have varied over time and location, with industrial development and innovation being directly linked to waste materials. Examples of this include plastics and nuclear technology. Some waste components have economic value and can be recycled once correctly recovered.
Throughout the region, the principal sources of solid waste are residential households and the agricultural, commercial, construction, industrial and institutional sectors.
For the purposes of this review these sources are defined as giving rise to some major categories of waste:
- Municipal waste
- Agricultural waste
- Hazardous waste
- Commercial waste
- Sewage sludge
- Industrial waste
- Mines and quarries.
- Construction and demolition waste
Contents of Project Report on Copper Slag in Concrete
Here is the available short list on Table of contents on Project Report on Copper Slag in Concrete
- WHAT IS INDUSTRIAL WASTE?
- TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- INDUSTRIAL LIQUID WASTE
- INDUSTRIAL GASEOUS WASTE
- INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE
- STEEL AND BLAST FURNACE
- APPLICATIONS OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE
- HEALTH CONSEQUENCES DUE TO SOME INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE
- COPPER SLAG
- PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
- UTILIZATION OF COPPER SLAG
- APPLICATION OF COPPER SLAG AS A SAND COMPACTION PILE
- USED IN LOW COST BITUMOUS ROADS
- LIST OF APPLICATIONS
- GEOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES
- COEFFICIENT OF PERMIABILITY
- COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
- MAXIMUM DRY DENSITY & OPTIMUM MOISTURE CONTENT
- SWELLING INDEX
- PLASTIC LIMIT
- LIQUID LIMIT
- DEGREE OF SHRINKAGE
- INTERNAL ANGLE OF FRICTION
- CALIFORNIA BEARING RATIO
- DIRECT SHEAR
- STANDARD REFERENCE
- MODIFIED PROCTOR TEST