History of Cement in Civil Engineering
Let’s Start and Know More About ‘History of Cement in Civil Engineering ‘ Actually Cement is a binding material that holds all components together. It primarily gains the strength due to hydration of its particles due to water molecules leading to the forming C-S-H gel (CSH Gel Means calcium silicate hydrate gel that is the reaction product of cement reaction).
These Different varieties of cement Produced as per BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) specifications and the quality is comparable with the best in the world. The Cement industry has kept pace with global technological immensely to conserve energy and fuel and save materials substantially.
The Lime was used as a building material till the 18th century. In eighteenth century, advances in development of cement were made .The first step in direction was made by Romans. They found small lumps in clay beds. They obtained the cementing material by burning these lumps and named the material as hydraulic lime or natural cement.
In 1756 John Smeaton obtained the hydraulic lime from lime stone which contained substantial proportion of clay. In 1796, Joseph Parker excellent hydraulic lime by burning the modules of argillaceous limestone. From here the natural Cement industry is started.
History of Manufacturing of Cements
The Manufacturing of Portland cement was started in England around 1825, Belgium and Germany started same in 1855. America started same in 1872 and India started the same in 190. When the Indian Cement Company Ltd. started manufacturing Cement in Porbandar) in Gujarat. However, even before that a small cement factory was established in Madras in 1904 by a company named South India Industrial Ltd.
First Company of Cement’s Industry
The first cement factory was installed in Tamil Nadu in 1904 by South India Industry Limited and Then onward number of factories manufacturing cement were interested.
India is producing different varieties of cement like
- Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)
- Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
- Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement( PBFS)
- Oil Well Cement
- White Cement etc.