The material which is used for construction work in its original form is known as construction material. It may be termed as building material or civil engineering material. Selection of suitable material for a particular work entirely depends upon the properties of the material.
In this Blog, we will study the different building materials like Cement, Lime, Marble, Plastic, Material, Brick, Timber, Paint, Glass etc in details.
Let us Know about Building Stones and Quarrying of Stones.
Stone is the oldest material of the construction industry. From the ancient times, It has been used as building material at different construction sites in America as well as other parts of the world.
As we know the stone is found in nature in many forms. Different types of stone are suitable in different locations. Selection of suitable stone depends upon the requirement of the structure and availability of the varieties of stone.
Quarrying of Stones
The process of extracting or taking out stones from natural rocks bed is known as Quarrying of Stones. The term ‘Quarry’ is used to indicate the exposed surface of the natural rock. The place or site from where stones are taken out is called ‘Quarry Site’.
The terms mine refers to the places where we extract minerals resources like coal, stones,
“Mines are generally at a great depth below the ground surface“
Methods of Quarrying
The method used for quarrying of stones depends upon on the types of stones its intended use and the type of its geological formation.
For Example, when the rock formation consists of horizontal layers at shallow depth, we may be able to easily quarry them in layers. In other Words, If the stone is one whole crystalline mass, we have may ballast them with explosives. The method to be used for regular building blocks will be different from that used to produce stone ballast.
We can easily methods of quarrying into the following three groups.
- Quarrying with hand tools
- Quarrying by use of channeling machines
- Quarrying by ballast
Let us understand this, one by one in the next article “Methods of Stones Quarrying”
Must Read Other Powerful Articles
- Different types of scaffolding
- Basic Knowledge about Bridge Engineering
- Properties of Cement
- Different varieties of cement
- Common Tests on Building Stones
- Acid Tests on Stones
- Microscopic Test on stones
- Smith Test on Stones