If you want to be a successful civil engineer, then you need to know all about the  technical terms used in brick masonry, i hope this article will definitely help you.


Table of Contents

Definition of Masonry

Masonry may be defined as the art of construction in which building units, such as clay bricks, sand-lime, bricks, stones, Precast hallow concrete blocks, concrete slabs, glass bricks, combination of some of these building units etc are arranged systematically and bonded together to form a homogeneous mass in such a way that they can with stand point to other loads and transmit then through the mass without fail or disintegration.

Technical Terms used in Brick Masonry


Technical Terms used in Brick Masonry

Buttress: It is a sloping or stepped masonry projection from a tall wall intended to strengthen the wall against the thrust of a roof.

Bed: the surface of a stone perpendicular to the line of pressure of (lower surface of bricks or stones in each course)

Back: The inner surface of wall not exposed is called back. the material forming back is known as backing.

Course: A course is a horizontal layer of bricks stones.

Face: The exterior of the wall exposed to weather is known as face. The material used in the facing of wall is known as facing.

Hearting: It is the interior portion of a wall between facing and backing.

Head: It is a brick or stone, which lies with its greatest length at right angles to the face of the work.

Stretcher: It is a brick or a stone which lies with its congest side parallel to the face of the work.

Bond: The method of arranging bricks so that the individual units are tied together.

Spalls: The chips of stones used for filling the interstices in stone masonry.

Quoins: The stones used for the corners of walls of structure.

Bat: It is a portion of a brick cut across the width.

Closer: It is the portion of a brick cut in such a manner that its one long face remains uncut.

Queen closer: it is the portion of a brick obtained by cutting a brick length-wise into two portions.

King closer: It is the portion of brick obtained by cutting off the triangular piece between the centre of one end and the centre of one side.

Bevelled closer: It is the portion of a brick in which the whole length of the brick is bevelled for maintaining half width at one end and full width at the other.

Frog: It is an indentation or depression on the top face of a brick made with the object of forming a key for the mortar.

Sill: It is a horizontal stone, concrete or wood, employed for the purpose of shedding off rain water from the face of wall immediately below the window opening.

Corbel: It is the extension of one or more course of stone or brick from the face of a wall to serve as a support for wall plates.

Templates: Pieces of stones placed under the end of a beam to distribute load over a greater area.

Coping: It is the course placed upon the exposed top of an external wall to prevent the seepage of water.